FUTURE PLANS FOR PROCESSORS



Intel Details For The Future
On March 29 2007 Intel gave a preview into an upcoming Processor plan, which was codenamed "Penryn" and "Nehalem." The plan is to introduce a new micro architecture (basic design of a microprocessor) every two years, with a bump in performance. The new Nehalem will be due in late 2008.
Nehalem will feature some major advances. The processors will have up to eight cores and Intel plans to bring back a blast from the past, the Hyperthreading technology first introduced in its early Pentium 4 processors. Each core in a Nehalem processor will be able to process two threads, meaning an eight-core processor can handle up to 16 threads.
The other change in Nehalem is that Intel will finally move away from the front-side bus architecture and put an integrated memory controller directly on the CPU, adding interconnects, which have high bandwidth and a serial point-to-point bus to feed the Nehalem core.Intel has long argued that its architecture was also about power savings, a key feature with the next processor family.
Penryn chips will operate at the same or less power than Intel's current dual core processors and introduce a new advanced power management state called Deep Power Down Technology. Intel claims that this new technology reduces the power of the processor during idle periods to such an extent that internal transistor power leakage is no longer a factor.
Despite Penryn being the refresh and not the performance leap of a new architecture, it's getting quite a boost. The clock speed will be around 3.3GHz, up from the 2.93GHz of current top of the line Core 2 processors, and the bus speed will be 1333MHz or even 1600MHz. The current bus runs at 1066MHz.The Penryn will be due later this year. In the Penryn there will be a total of six processors, dual and quad core.
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Watch carefully to see the processor


Intel released another idea for processors in the future on September 5. Xeon 7300 also known as Tigerton a quad-core chip for servers with four or more processors. This chip offers a better performance than there predecessors (Xeon 5300 chip)
"The 7300 series chips can handle roughly 82 per cent more ERP users and 92 per cent more database transactions than the 5300 chips, he said. " Adesh Gupta (architecture manager at Intel Asia-Pacific's Server Platforms Group)
http://www.arnnet.com.au/index.php/id;1947295178

Intel released an article about ways in which they can turn down the heat on micro-core chips. Scientists are experimenting microprocessor designs by placing two chip cores into the same piece of silicon. This will improve performance and reduce power consumption. "The plan is that a stream of calculations will jump from one microprocessor core to another. Heat generated by transistors can create "hot spots" , said Wilf Pinfold, (technical director of microprocessor research at Intel labs). By rotating application processing, key transistors will stay cooler, heat will be more geographically spread and overall performance will climb.
http://news.zdnet.co.uk/hardware/0,1000000091,2121060,00.htm

Other Plans For Processors


Problems that arise with processors is overheating, which caused Intel's 4-gigahertz Pentium 4 chip to cancel the plan to release this top speed processor into the market. Chip makers have adopted the idea of a multi-core technique to stop overheating.
http://news.zdnet.co.uk/software/0,1000000121,39170598,00.htm

Japan's NEC and ARM aims to put dual-core chips in mobile phones and other electronic devices saying it will idealy conserve power.A dual-core mobile phone could also help manufacturer's segment different applications. One core could be used to handle telecom functions, while a second could handle Internet traffic. The core will be a combination of NEC Electronics' multiprocessing technology and the ARM core architecture, which is widely deployed in various products including mobile handsets."
http://news.zdnet.co.uk/hardware/0,1000000091,39117256,00.htm